According to a recent report by The Hindu newspaper despite all the uproar on stubble burning and the widespread pollution caused every year specially in the north Indian states, there is ‘ no drop in stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana in the year 2021. The report also says that the satellites which tracks the thermal radiation at high resolution, showed that there have been 86, 296 fires cumulatively in the two states between October 1st to November 28.
The scientists and environmentalists have made it very clear over the years that phenomenon rate and magnitude of global warming can not be justified by natural variations alone and human actions and activities must be taken into account. The report from the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Government of India has suggested that emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), aerosols and changes in land use and land cover (LULC) during the industrial period have substantially altered the atmospheric composition, and consequently the planetary energy balance, and are thus primarily responsible for the present-day climate change.The scientists have also predicted that average temperature over India is expected to rise by approximately 4.4°C relative to the recent past.
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Given the seriousness of the issue of air pollution in this part of the world, negligence and lack of adequate initiatives to curb a man-made disaster like stubble burning is no less than crime. Even the Supreme court of India had no option but to rebuke the centre ordering it to take urgent steps to quell the issue. This issue must be addressed and disussed with all the stakeholders. Solutions like crop diversifications, alternative and productive scientific solutions, implementations of regulatory policies, redwards etc. by both Central and State governments together.