Nation, August 7, 2023: In a bid to enhance green cover and mitigate environmental degradation, the Ministry of Environment’s has been championing various initiatives that promote tree plantation and urban forestry across the nation’s metropolitan cities. These efforts, backed by programmes such as Nagar Van Yojana, School Nursery Yojana, Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA), National Afforestation Programme (NAP), and National Mission for a Green India (GIM), underscore the government’s commitment to preserving nature and engaging local communities.
Nagar Van Yojana (NVY): Cultivating Urban Oases
Under the flagship Nagar Van Yojana, the Ministry has given the green light to 385 projects, 26 of which are situated in cities across Uttar Pradesh. This groundbreaking scheme focuses on transforming urban pockets into lush green havens, ensuring sustainable ecosystems within city limits. The NVY aims to bring nature closer to the urban populace while providing a harmonious habitat for flora and fauna.
Laws and Funding for Sustainable Forest Management
The Ministry emphasizes the significance of legal frameworks and financial support to safeguard and nurture forested areas. Laws such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980, Indian Forest Act, 1927, and Wildlife Protection Act 1972 form the bedrock of conservation efforts, with their enforcement entrusted to respective state and union territory administrations. Additionally, the Ministry extends its backing to states and union territories under the Forest Fire Prevention and Management Scheme, fortifying their resilience against forest fires.
National Afforestation Programme (NAP) and Green India Mission (GIM): Sowing Seeds of Progress
The National Afforestation Programme (NAP), a cornerstone of the Ministry of Environment’s initiatives, has been seamlessly integrated into the National Mission for a Green India (GIM). This amalgamation has yielded remarkable results, with over 2 million hectares rejuvenated through afforestation projects. With an investment of approximately Rs. 3982 crores until 2022-23, this joint effort combines public participation with sustainable afforestation practices. A sum of Rs. 755.28 crores has been disbursed to 17 states and one union territory, supporting tree plantations across 153,125 hectares.
Compensatory Fund Act (2016): Fostering Urban Reforestation
Urban forestry finds a robust footing within the provisions of the Compensatory Fund Act, 2016, and its associated regulations. The government’s commitment to this cause is evident through the disbursement of Rs. 51,768.76 crore from the National Fund to 33 State funds. This allocation reflects a collaborative approach toward bolstering greenery in urban landscapes.
Cross-Sectoral Collaboration and Beyond
Recognizing the multi-faceted nature of tree plantation, the Ministry spearheads cross-sectoral initiatives that span various ministries, organizations, and state budgets. This comprehensive approach underscores the government’s determination to address environmental challenges holistically.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change’s unwavering dedication to fostering sustainable urban ecosystems and green spaces is poised to create a greener, healthier future for metropolitan cities and the entire nation.